Uganda Human Rights Commission
The Uganda Human Rights Commission (UHRC) was established under the 1995 Constitution of the Republic of Uganda. The decision to establish a permanent body to monitor the human rights situation in the country was in recognition of Uganda’s violent and turbulent history that had been characterized by arbitrary arrests, detention without trial, torture and brutal repression with impunity on the part of security organs during the pre and post independence era.
Article 52 (1) of the Uganda Constitution lays down the following functions of the Commission:
• To investigate, at its own initiative or on a complaint made by any person or group of persons against the violation of any human right;
• To visit jails, prisons, and places of detention or related facilities with a view of assessing and inspecting conditions of the inmates and make recommendations;
• To establish a continuing programme of research, education and information to enhance respect of human rights;
• To recommend to Parliament effective measures to promote human rights including provision of compensation to victims of violations of human rights, or their families;
• To create and sustain within society the awareness of the provisions of the Constitution as the fundamental law of the people of Uganda;
• To educate and encourage the public to defend this Constitution at all times against all forms of abuse and violation;
• To formulate, implement, and oversee programmes intended to inculcate in the citizens of Uganda awareness of their civic responsibilities and an appreciation of their rights and obligations as free people;
• To monitor the Government’s compliance with international treaty and convention obligations on human rights; and
• To perform such other functions as may be provided by law.
Article 52 (2) also requires the Commission to publish periodic reports and submit annual reports to Parliament on the state of human rights and freedoms in the country.
Articles 52(3) and 48(1) also provide for other functions, powers and guidelines of the Commission.
Tax Appeals Tribunal
The Tribunal was set up by an Act of Parliament as a specialized court to provide the taxpayer with easily accessible, efficient and independent arbitration in tax disputes with URA.
This is part of Government efforts to provide a conducive environment to doing business in Uganda so that investors can develop confidence n the economy. TAT therefore enhances taxpayer compliance and smoothen revenue collection in the long run.
Ministry of Local Government
The mandate of the Ministry is to guide, harmonize, mentor and advocate for all local governments in support of the overall vision of Government to bring about socio-economic transformation of the country. The objective of the department of the Local Council Development (LCD) is to provide necessary support to Local Councils for efficient and effective local governance.
Functions of the LCD include;
Designing and developing training and sensitization programmes for Local Councils; Ensuring that vacant posts in the hierarchy of Local Councils are filled, in liaison with the Electoral Commission; To process and advise local governments on ordinances and bye-laws, in liaison with the Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs; Assessing and monitoring the relationship between elected and appointed officials in Local Governments; To carry out technical studies on alteration of boundaries of Local Government units as they arise.
Ministry of Internal Affairs
The Ministry of Internal Affairs has multiple roles to play that include;
Regulation and facilitation of exit and entry of all nationals, provision of efficient and effective system for processing and management of immigration documents and issuance of work permits to relevant immigrants. It is therefore charged with registering, and controlling and regulating movements of Ugandans and foreign nationals who enter, stay in or leave Uganda Home Pages Limited
Through peace building initiatives, the Ministry also grants amnesty, resettles and reintegrates reporters in their communities.
The Uganda National Focal Point on Small Arms and Light Weapons (NFP), a unit within the Ministry is responsible for coordinating all activities geared towards controlling proliferation of SALW within the country and at regional levels.
The Government Analytical Laboratory’s provides specialized analytical and advisory services to government departments responsible for administration of Justice, Statutory Bodies, and researchers and Private Sector
Oversee the introduction of community service as an alternative sentence under the criminal justice system and spearhead its awareness among the general public.
Ministry of Gender, Labor & Social Development
The Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development in collaboration with other stakeholders, is the leading and coordinating agency for Community empowerment, protection and promotion of the rights and obligations of the specified vulnerable groups for social protection and gender responsive development.
The Ministry is under the political leadership of the Minister of Gender, Labour and Social Development, and four State Ministers for Gender and Culture; Elderly and Disability Affairs, Youth and Children's Affairs, and Labour, Employment and Industrial Relations